The holders of the largest gold reserves in the world are the United States. UU. With 8.133.5 tons), Germany (with 3.359.1 tons), Italy (with 2,451.8 tons), France (with. The United States has the largest gold reserve in the world by a substantial margin.
The government has almost as many reserves as the next three countries with the largest gold reserves combined (Germany, Italy and France). Russia completes the top five. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is reported to have more gold reserves than Italy, but less than Germany. Gold has served as a medium of exchange, to varying degrees, for thousands of years.
For much of the 17th and 20th centuries, paper money issued by national governments was called gold and acted as a legal claim to physical gold. International trade was carried out with gold. For this reason, countries needed to maintain a gold reserve for both economic and political reasons. No contemporary government requires that all its money be backed by gold.
However, governments still house enormous quantities of ingots as a security measure against hyperinflation or another economic calamity. In fact, every year, governments increase their gold reserves, which are measured in metric tons, in hundreds of tons. . For many investors, both institutional and retail, gold is a hedge against inflation or recession.
Continue to safeguard gold that belongs to other countries. The Federal Reserve Bank of New York is the depositary of gold owned by foreign governments, foreign central banks, and official international organizations. Inside a vault at the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. It is known to contain the largest amount of gold in the world.
Gold reserves by country. S%26P Global. The Central Bank of Russia tries to boost gold exports by paying below the market price. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
The top 10 central banks with the largest gold reserves have remained largely unchanged over the past few years. The United States is in first place with more than 8,000 tons of gold in its vaults — almost as much as the next three countries combined — and represents 79% of total reserves. The only countries where gold represents a higher percentage of reserves are Portugal, with 80.1%, and Venezuela, with 82.4%. Not surprisingly, the Bank of India has one of the largest gold reserves in the world.
The South Asian country, home to 1.25 billion people, is the second largest consumer of precious metals and is one of the most reliable drivers of global demand. India's festival and wedding season, which runs from October to December, has historically been a great advantage for Love Trade, the gold. In seventh place is Switzerland, which actually has the largest per capita gold reserves in the world. During World War II, the neutral country became the center of the gold trade in Europe, making transactions with both the Allies and the Axis powers.
Nowadays, much of its gold trade is done with Hong Kong and China. France's central bank has sold little of its gold in recent years. The current reserves consist of 100 tons of gold coins and the rest of ingots weighing about 12.5 kilograms each. The vaults of the Bank of France in Paris are one of the four designated custodians of the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Australia has the largest gold reserves in the world with 11,000 tons, followed by Russia with 6,800 tons. Gold is one of the rarest elements in the world and constitutes between 0.001 and 0.006 parts per million of the Earth's crust. But how much gold does the world extract each year and which countries produce the most? Let's think about South Africa. The country was once the world leader in gold production, with more than 1000 tons in 1970, but since then its volume has declined rapidly.
Last year it was completely removed from the list of the top 10 gold producers. For many years, China has been the leading producer country, accounting for 11 percent of the world's mining production. However, production fell from 383 tons to 368 tons last year, representing the fourth consecutive year of declines. The downward trend is largely due to stricter environmental policies imposed by the government.
For example, tighter control over the use of cyanide in gold mines has forced several operations to reduce production. Offered to house and protect other countries' gold in exchange for dollars, it was reported that between 90 and 95% of the world's gold reserves are in U.S. vaults. Sudan is a new addition to the list of major gold-producing countries, and its gold mining industry is also affected by protests against environmental degradation and gold smuggling.