Traditional IRA deductions vary depending on your modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) and whether or not you're covered by a retirement plan at work. If you (and your spouse, if applicable) aren't covered by your employer's retirement plan, your traditional IRA contributions are fully tax-deductible. If you choose not to claim the deduction, you will not request the deduction on your federal tax return, but you will choose to make a non-deductible contribution to the IRA by filing the IRS Form 8606, non-deductible IRAs. Once you qualify to make a contribution to a traditional IRA, the IRA owner can deduct part or all of the contribution.
However, eligibility for the deduction is different from eligibility to contribute, and traditional IRA owners who don't qualify for a deduction can benefit in other ways by saving with a traditional IRA. Eligibility questions are usually addressed on an IRA contribution form, such as the traditional Ascensus IRA eligibility form, which IRA owners can complete to help determine their eligibility. Before determining whether an IRA owner can deduct a contribution to a traditional IRA, they must first be eligible to contribute to a traditional IRA. If neither the owner of the IRA nor his spouse are actively involved, all contributions to the traditional IRA are deductible, regardless of income level.
The traditional IRA contributions of an IRA owner are added to their contributions to the Roth IRA, if any, for the purposes of the annual contribution limit. As an IRA administrator or custodian, you are not responsible for determining whether an IRA contribution can be deducted or for keeping track of traditional IRA deductions for IRA holders. Your ability to deduct an IRA contribution in part or in full depends on how much you earn, whether you or your spouse are currently contributing to other qualified retirement plans, and what type of IRA you have. One of the main reasons people contribute to a traditional IRA is because of a tax deduction, something they can't get with a Roth IRA.